International Federation of Digital Seismograph Networks

ZU (2018-2019): Seismic imaging of volcano construction, underplating and flexure along the Hawaiian-Emperor Seamount Chain

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FDSN Network Information

FDSN code ZU (2018-2019) Network name Seismic imaging of volcano construction, underplating and flexure along the Hawaiian-Emperor Seamount Chain (HI-Emperor)
Start year 2018 Operated by
  • IRIS OBSIP (OBSIP), United States of America
End year 2019 Deployment region

(Taken from the NSF Abstract Award #1737245): The scientific objectives of the planned data acquisition and analysis of this project are to examine controls on magmatic addition along the Hawaiian-Emperor seamount chain, provide fundamental constraints on rheological properties of oceanic lithosphere, address the origin of the hotspot swell, and assess implications for earthquakes and tsunamis from plate deformation in response to flexure. The plan is to acquire coincident 2D, deep-penetration seismic reflection data as well as wide-angle reflection/refraction data using ocean bottom seismometers spaced at 15 km along four 500-km-long transects across the Hawaiian-Emperor seamount chain. The locations of these transects will encompass wide variations in the timing of magma emplacement and volume flux, the age of the lithosphere at the time of loading and the presence/absence of a topographic swell. The transects are sufficiently long to capture the f!
lexural response of the lithosphere to volcano loading out to the flexural bulge. The processed seismic reflection profiles and velocity models created from wide-angle seismic data will constrain the volume and distribution of magmatic addition to the crust as well as faulting within the volcanic edifice and within the loaded oceanic plate. New seismic constraints will be combined with gravity, magnetic, bathymetric and geochemical data and used as the basis for flexural analysis and numerical modeling to gain fundamental new insights into crust and lithosphere dynamics.

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