International Federation of Digital Seismograph Networks

9N (2018-2018): Fibre-optic distributed acoustic sensing, seismological and infrasonic data from Etna

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FDSN Network Information

FDSN code 9N (2018-2018) Network name Fibre-optic distributed acoustic sensing, seismological and infrasonic data from Etna (Etna2018)
Start year 2018 Operated by
End year 2018 Deployment region -

Understanding physical processes prior and during eruptions remains challenging, due to uncertainties about subsurface structures and undetected processes within the volcano. Here, the authors use a dedicated fibre-optic cable to obtain strain data and identify volcanic events and image hidden near-surface volcanic structural features at Etna volcano, Italy. In the paper Jousset et al. (2022), we detect and characterize strain signals associated with explosions, and we find evidences for non-linear grain interactions in a scoria layer of spatially variable thickness. We also demonstrate that wavefield separation allows us to incrementally investigate the ground response to various excitation mechanisms, and we identify very small volcanic events, which we relate to fluid migration and degassing. We recorded seismic signals from natural and man-made sources with 2-m spacing along a 1.5-km-long fibre-optic cable layout near the summit of actives craters of Etna volcano, Italy. Those results provide the basis for improved volcano monitoring and hazard assessment using DAS.
This data publication contains the full data set used for the analysis. This data set comprises strain-rate data from 1 iDAS interrogator (~750 traces), velocity data from 15 geophones and 4 broadband seismometers, and infrasonic pressure data from infrasound sensors. For further explanation of the data and related processing steps, please refer to Jousset et al. (2022).

Citation Information

Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.14470/4A7563971328
For more: DataCite ( JSON | XML | BibTeX )

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